A SIMPLE WHITE PAPER
BY NEWELL BENCH
I HAVE HAD MANY REQUESTS FOR INFORMATION ON QUAKER MUTATION GENETICS. MOST OF WHAT I HAVE HAS COME FROM RINGNECK MUTATION GENETICS, WHICH I BELIEVE ARE THE SAME FOR QUAKERS.
First a brief description of some of the Quaker Mutations :
American Snow Blue come out of the White Face family.
American White Face are a mix of American Blue and American Yellow Face where both the Sex Link and the Recessive color show up on the same bird. This is a new color and as yet no one else has these so beware of false claims.
The American Yellow Face stems from a American Yellow Face Green birds that came from one old import male. They are a part of the par-ino group of mutations, actually a complex par-ino because they are a combination of 3 par-inos.
Cinnamon as where the Blues were imported from overseas.
Cinnamon Blues are a mix of Blue and Cinnamon where both the Sex Link and the Recessive color show up on the same bird.
1. Having an abnormally pale or wan complexion: the pallid face of the invalid.
2. Lacking intensity of color or luminousness.
3. Lacking in radiance or vitality; dull: pallid prose.
Pallid birds are just lighter all over in color, per Linda Greason it is like dipping a bird in bleach which makes what some are calling Pallid in question because the flight and tail feather are not lighter.
Please note a Pallid Blue or Dark Eyed Cinnamon Blue are not American White Face and look completely different. See picture of the American White Face and a Pallid Blue at http://www.exoticflock.com/ below.
Examples: (L-R) Greygreen, Cinnamon Grey and Gray Quakers:
Below are some birds from Jri Benes Czech Republic www.mutace-papousku.com
IN MY MIND THERE ARE FOUR TYPES OF GENETIC MUTATIONS:
Dominate - I know of no dominate gene as of yet in Quakers but in Ringnecks
they have a green/gray and even when mixed with Albino creates a Cream colored Albino.
Recessive - The Blue Quaker & Pied are examples of this mutation type.
Sex Linked - The Lutino, Albino, Yellow Face & Red Eyed Cinnamon Quakers are examples of this mutation type.
Intermediate - This would be like a Dark factor bird that when crossed with a Blue would produce Cobalt.
Any Visual Sex Link Split to a Recessive Color x Different Color = 100% Split Males and 100% Visual Hens but half of each sex could be split to the Recessive Color.
Any Non Sex Link Split to Recessive x Different Color = 100% Green, half of which could be Split to the Recessive Color.
Any Visual Recessive Color x Different Color = 100% Green all Split to the Recessive Color.
Any Visual Recessive x Split to the Same Recessive = 50% Visual Recessive & 50% Green Split to the Recessive Color.
I do have some good Lookup Tables but the simple one has 99 options and I just do not have the time to type it up but maybe someday I can scan them.
Please let me KNOW if the above is helpful or not.
Please Note that only Males can be Split to a Sex Link Mutation
You can also have a bird that has all the Mutations Types and must map out each Color with its Mate to ESTIMATE what you might get.